It’s not always easy to tell when your slab may be sinking. One day, it may look like your home is fine. The next, you may step outside and see that actually, your foundation is sinking.
Whether you’re dealing with a bit of unevenness inside your home or more significant sinkage, the professional foundation repair contractors in your area are there to help. What measures, though, can they use to level or lift your slab?
Types of Foundations
Before any contractor can start to level your slab, they will need to know what kind of foundation they are working with. No matter what material you requested or grading your home required upon its construction, you likely have one of the two following foundations:
- A Slab Foundation – To build up a slab foundation, construction companies will first establish support beams beneath your home to bear its overall weight. Then they’ll pour a slab of concrete – thus the name – over those supports without breaking the concrete’s flow. This way, the slab will be more stable later in life, and it can better work with the aforementioned support beams to keep your home in place.
- A Basement/CrawlSpace Foundation – Comparatively, you may have a basement-based foundation. Construction companies building a basement-based foundation will have to first dig out the basement or crawl space. Then they’ll pour the footings and floor to help create a finished basement. From there, all that’s left is to build the walls and install any ancillary support beams the homeowners may request to support their home.
Why does your type of foundation matter? Because if your foundation has started to sink or shift, contractors need to know what template they’re working with. Put another way: the lifting and leveling solutions available to you will vary based on your type of foundation. Knowing what kind of foundation your home has will keep you from wasting money on a leveling or lifting solution that doesn’t suit your home.
Signs Of An Uneven Slab
How can you determine whether or not your foundation is in need of leveling at all? If you don’t have a level to put on the floor, there are other symptoms you can look out for. These include:
Note that many of these symptoms are also indicative of foundation cracks and leaks. This is where professional guidance comes in handy. When you reach out to the professional foundation repair contractors working in Denver, CO, they’ll be able to bring their years of experience to your home inspection. Afterward, they’ll be able to provide you with a free quote on potential leveling or lifting services.
What Does It Take To Level A Home?
As mentioned, contractors will use different tactics to level your home based on the type of foundation you have. That said, the vast majority of leveling methods today involve piering. Foundation piers are column-like installations that teams of contractors can build up beneath your home. These columns will help your slab permanently support the weight of your home or otherwise combat poor grading. As such, they’ll limit any future movement and can help lift your home back into its original position.
There are, however, several different methods through which contractors can pier your home. Some of the most common include:
- Helical Piers: Most contractors will use helical piers to support lighter structures, including porches, patios, or chimneys. These piers, which are helical in shape, will be “screwed” into the ground beneath the settling foundation.
- Push Piers: Push piers are among the most common piers to be used to stabilize a home. To install these piers, contractors will take sections of galvanized steel tubes and drive them into unmoving soil. They’ll then connect these tubes to foundation brackets on the footing of your home. This way, the weight of your home will ease off of your slab and onto the piers, allowing your slab to level more readily.
- Slab Piers: Looking for a hyper-specific pier? Slab piers have you covered. These piers work exclusively with slab foundations, bearing the weight of the home where the previous support beams could not.
A contractor may also recommend the use of PolyRenewal™ injections to help lift some of your home and property’s concrete areas back into place.